Corpus Christi Day in Dominican Republic comes sixty days after Easter – or the first Thursday after Trinity Sunday. A fuller, more elaborate name for this public holiday is “The Feast of the Most Holy Body of Christ”.
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The basis of the holiday is to commemorate the institution of holy communion at the Last Supper by Jesus Christ.
According to the Bible, Jesus broke the bread of Passover and said, “This is my body”. He also took the cup of wine and said, “This is my blood”. Catholics take these expressions literally rather than metaphorically. Thus, Corpus Christi celebrates the doctrine of “transubstantiation”, which says participants in the mass partake of the actual body and blood of Jesus.
In Dominican Republic, Corpus Christi is an off-work day. There are two masses held in most Catholic churches, and the church buildings are profusely decorated with flowers on this day. After mass, there will be processions in some towns where the communion bread is parades through the streets and proclaimed to be Christ’s holy body.